The Importance of Mars Samples in Constraining the Geological and Geophysical Processes on Mars and the Nature of Its Crust, Mantle, and Core [STUB]

Abstract: In situ compositional and mineralogical measurements on the Martian surface, combined with analyses of Martian meteorites, indicate that most igneous rocks are lavas and volcaniclastic rocks of basaltic composition and cumulates of ultramafic composition. Alkaline rocks are common in Early Hesperian terranes and tholeiitic rocks dominate younger Amazonian martian meteorites. Very uncommon feldspathic rocks represent the ultimate fractionation products, while granitoid rocks have not been iden…

Source:: nasa sit 2