Orion European Structural Test Article Propellant Tank Fill and Drain Carts

Abstract: Environmental testing of the Orion European Structural Test Article (E-STA), which contains the Orion European Service Module (ESM), required that the onboard propellant tanks be filled and drained with fuel and oxidizer simulant fluids as well as pressurized and depressurized with an ullage gas. This conference paper will elaborate on how these objectives were fulfilled by presenting the development of derived requirements definition, initial fill and drain concepts, selection of simulant fl…

Source:: nasa sit 2